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Broadcasting, Live Streaming by Industry, Live Streaming Hardware, How To Live Stream

The BoxCaster Encoder

The Simple, Single-Cam Setup for Small + Medium Teams

Solo broadcasters or small and medium-sized video production teams are often pressed for time, energy, and capacity. You've got a lot of moving parts in creating a successful live stream or video broadcast. It's one thing to manage on-screen talent, live events, and speakers — it's a completely different venture to make sure your gear has been set up, tested, and is ready to go live.

We often get asked for recommendations on production setups. Even if you're an experienced videographer (or just starting out!) you still have to build out a workflow that's efficient, reliable, and works for your specific filming environment. This guide shows you how to do just that. 

If you're not ready to jump into broadcasting with an encoder, or just need a quick and affordable setup to start out, head on over to our first workflow in this series: The Simplest Live Streaming Workflow for Beginners.

Table of Contents

Simple, Single-Cam Workflow for Small + Medium Teams

BoxCaster - Single Cam

Let’s break down this simple, single-cam live streaming setup. It uses one video camera, HDMI and RCA connections, a mixer, a video encoder, and delivers it all to the cloud. We’ll outline the benefits and limitations of this workflow, and help you identify if it’s the right setup for you.

The Single-Cam Setup, Explained

This single-cam live streaming setup lets you incorporate a camera feed and a live audio mix into a hardware encoder like the BoxCaster. With this setup, you can combine your live audio mix with any video camera that has a clean HDMI output.

Your video and audio are sent to your encoder, which then sends a single stream to the BoxCast Cloud. From there, we take care of delivering video to your viewers at whatever quality works best with their internet connection.

The benefits of streaming hardware with this setup

Streaming hardware (like the BoxCaster) frees up your computer to perform other important tasks during a live event and allows you to stream video more reliably to your viewers. Investing in streaming hardware also lets you scale your production equipment over time while keeping the same device.

If you decide to upgrade cameras, mics, or make the jump to a multi-cam setup, a hardware encoder will grow with your workflow. Watch this video to learn more about the benefits of dedicated streaming hardware.


The limitations of a single-cam setup

This setup has a few limitations, but they can easily be overcome by investing in more advanced equipment over time:

  • Single-cam streaming limits your coverage for an event
  • RCA connections can only run up to 25 feet before needing some sort of cable conversion
  • Video encoders require a hardline internet connection for the best streaming experience

Who is this workflow setup for?

This kind of setup is great when you’re streaming small to medium-sized events and don’t have a dedicated production team to handle your live broadcast. Some good examples include:

  • Smaller house of worship services
  • Sporting events with color commentary
  • City council meetings
  • Press conferences
  • Fitness classes (spinning, yoga, etc.)


What is an encoder?

An encoder is a live streaming device that lets you send uncompressed video/audio from a camera or switcher to a content distribution network (CDN) like BoxCast to viewers anywhere in the world.

What’s better for live streaming, mirrorless cameras or camcorders?

It depends on what kind of content you’re streaming. Mirrorless cameras tend to give you a better image quality and perform better in low light scenarios. Camcorders are better out of the box at streaming longer-form events, and excel in scenarios where you need to zoom in from farther away.

How much should I spend on live streaming gear?

Depending on the kind of live streaming events and production value you're going for, we recommend beginner-level live streamers invest $1000–$2500 total in cameras, audio gear, and encoders.

Final Thoughts + Further Reading

Whether you're building out your first kit of gear or just want to level up your videography skills, it's important to do your research and stay informed with equipment and best practices from the pros. And just because you're learning from the pros doesn't mean you have to have a professional budget: Check out our Kit profile to get streaming equipment recommendations for broadcasters of all levels. Then, level up your knowledge with these helpful guides: